Biodiversity and Ecosystem (EO 1)

Biological diversity is maintained or enhanced. The quality and occurrence of coastal and marine habitats and the distribution and abundance of coastal and marine species are in line with prevailing physiographic, hydrographic, geographic and climatic conditions.

Ecological Objective 1 (EO1) Definition:

Biological diversity is maintained or enhanced. The quality and occurrence of coastal and marine habitats and the distribution and abundance of coastal and marine species are in line with prevailing physiographic, hydrographic, geographic and climatic conditions.

Key Messages:

  • The existing studies regarding habitat distributional range and condition of the habitat’s typical species and communities (CI1 and CI2) indicate a large proportion of habitats are to some degree threatened, [...]
  • The analysis of marine systems is mostly compartmentalized, with a series of approaches that should be complementary [...]
  • Species distributional range (CI3), population abundance (CI4) and population demographic characteristics (CI5) were assessed for marine mammals, seabirds and marine reptiles.  [...]
  • For marine mammals, the Mediterranean monk seal and the 11 cetacean species face several threats, due to heavy anthropogenic pressures throughout the entire Mediterranean basin, with low populations and patchy distribution for the Mediterranean monk seal, fin, sperm and killer whales as well as the common dolphin  [...]
  • For sea-bird’s information is also scarce, with a southeast to northwest increasing diversity gradient observed, in agreement with productivity patterns, although data is limited in the southern and eastern countries. [...]
  • For marine reptiles, most nesting sites of loggerheads are located in the eastern and central basins of the Mediterranean, in particular in Greece, Turkey, Cyprus and Libya, while all green turtle nesting sites are located in the eastern basin, primarily Turkey, Syria and Cyprus. [...]

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