Marine Litter (EO 10)

Marine and coastal litter do not adversely affect coastal and marine environment

Ecological Objective 10 (EO10) Definition:

Marine and coastal litter do not adversely affect coastal and marine environment

Key Messages:

  • Information on beach marine litter (CI 22) exists but the picture is still fragmented and is geographically restricted to the northern part of the Mediterranean. Plastics are the major components with cigarette butts, food wrappers and plastic bags being the top marine litter items.[...]
  • Information on the distribution, quantities and identification of beach marine litter sources needs to be further advanced. For the moment information and data are inconsistent for the Mediterranean. [...]
  • Accumulation rates of floating litter vary widely in the Mediterranean Sea and are subject to factors such as adjacent urban activities, shore and coastal uses, winds, currents, and accumulation areas.[...]
  • The abundance of floating litter (CI 23) in Mediterranean waters has been reported at quantities measuring over 2 cm range from 0 to over 600 items per square kilometer. The 2015 UN Environment/MAP Marine Litter Assessment report states that approximately 0.5 billion litter items are currently lying on the Mediterranean Seafloor.  [...]
  • Data on floating and seafloor marine litter are inconsistent and geographically restricted in only few areas of the Mediterranean Sea. In addition to that, the lack on long-term assessment data makes the assessment of trends of the years extremely difficult. [...]

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